What is the cross-product?

The cross product, we also know as the vector product (or directed area product to underline its geometric relevance), is a binary operation on two vectors in a three-dimensional oriented Euclidean vector space (denoted by the symbol x in this case). The cross product, a b (read “a cross b”), of two linearly independent vectors a and b, is a vector perpendicular to both a and b and so normal to the plane containing both. Mathematics, physics, engineering, and computer programming are just a few fields where we may use them. It is not confusing with the dot item (projection product).

Cross product formula

We can calculate the area between any two vectors using the cross-product formula. The magnitude of the resulting vector, which is the area of the parallelogram spanned by the two vectors, is determined by the cross-product formula.

c = a × b = |a| * |b| * sinθ * n

The cross product of two vectors

Cross product is a type of vector multiplication in which two vectors of different natures or sorts are multiplied. The vector magnitude and direction of a vector are both presents. By using the cross product and dot product, we may multiply two or more vectors. The resultant vector is termed the cross product of two vectors or the vector product when two vectors are multiplied with each other, and the product of the vectors is likewise a vector quantity. The resulting vector is perpendicular to the plane in which the two provided vectors are located.

Dot product vs. cross product

The product of the magnitude of the vectors and the cos of the angle between two vectors we call a dot product. The magnitude of the vectors and the sine of the angle they subtend on each other form a cross product.

Right-hand rule cross product

The third vector that is perpendicular to the two initial vectors is the cross-product of two vectors. The size of the parallelogram between them determines its magnitude, and the right-hand thumb rule determines its direction.

Physicists have devised several strategies to assist you in navigating these choppy seas. The “Right-hand rule,” which aids in the computation of the cross vector product, is probably the most well-known. This rule allows you to anticipate the direction of the cross product’s resultant vector using only your hand.

In physics, there are two variants of the right-hand rule: one that involves going from an open hand to a closed fist with the fingers extended and the hand still, and the other that involves going from an open hand to a closed fist with the fingers extended and the hand still.


We’ll take the vectors a = (2, 3, 7) and b = (2, 3, 7) to calculate the cross-product of two vectors (1, 2, 4).

  1. The components of the vector must first introduce. x = 2, y = 3, and ‘z = 7’ are the values.
  2. The components of vector b should then be introduced. That is, x equals 1, y equals 2, and z equals 4.
  3. Now the cross product calculator analyzes the data, uses the formula we learned about before.
  4.  c = a b = c = a b = c = a b = c = a b = c = (-2, -1, 1).
  5. Repeat until you’ve computed all of the necessary cross products.


Cross product equation

The cross product formula calculates the cross product of any two vectors by calculating the area between them.
c = a × b = |a| * |b| * sinθ * n

How to calculate cross-product?

The length is calculated by multiplying the length of a by the length of b by the size of the angle between a and b. Finally, we multiply by the vector n to ensure that it points in the right direction.

What does the cross-product represent?

 The process of multiplying two vectors is called the cross product. This is because the multiplication sign(x) between two vectors denotes a cross product.

Is cross-product commutative? 

The direction of the two vectors is related to the direction of their product using the right-hand rule for cross-multiplication. Because cross multiplication is not commutative, the sequence in which the operations are performed is crucial.

How to do the cross-product of vectors? 

We may express the formula for the cross product in terms of components using these qualities and the cross product of the standard unit vectors.

Is cross-product associative?

The cross-product does not have any associative properties. By brute force, one may demonstrate this by selecting three vectors and seeing that the two expressions are not equivalent.