The Return on Equity Calculator is here to aid in calculating this widely and crucial business metric that reflects how efficient a firm is. In this post, you will learn what a good return on equity is and a general return on equity. In addition, we’ll quickly go through the differences between return on equity and return on capital, how to find return on equity, formula, return on equity meaning and interpolation. While mentioning interpolation, head to this Bilinear Interpolation post.

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Return on Equity (ROE) – Definition?

ROE provides a measure of profit-generating efficiency by calculating the earnings a firm can create from its assets. Investors may use ROE to identify whether a firm is a profit engine or an inefficient one. Firms that excel at extracting profit from their operations often have a competitive edge, which translates into higher returns for investors. ROE is a particularly useful indicator to study because of the link between the company’s earnings and the investor’s return. For a better understanding of profit, visit our Gross Profit Calculator or Accounting Profit Calculator.

Portfolios can benefit greatly from investing in firms that produce profits more effectively than their competitors. Return on equity (ROE) can assist investors in distinguishing between profit-generating and profit-consuming business. However, ROE doesn’t always reveal the complete picture and must be utilized with caution. We go deeper into return on equity, what it implies, and how we use it in a practice in this article.

How Should Return on Equity (ROE) Be Interpreted?

The return on equity (ROE) can be a valuable indicator of financial performance since it can show if a firm is profitable without investing fresh cash. A rising ROE indicates that management offers shareholders more value for their money, as measured by shareholders‘ equity. Simply, ROE measures how well management is utilizing investors’ funds.

However, it turns out that a company’s earnings cannot expand faster than its existing ROE without obtaining new capital. In that instance, a company with a 15% ROE can’t raise its earnings faster than 15% per year without borrowing money or selling additional stock. Raising finances, on the other hand, comes at a price. Additional debt service reduces net income. Whereas selling more shares reduces profits per share (EPS) by increasing the total number of shares outstanding.

Return on Equity Formula

If net income and equity are both positive numbers, the return on equity (ROE) is here for any corporation. We determine net income before dividends to ordinary shareholders and after distributions to preferred shareholders, and interest to lenders. The formula for ROE is:

ROE = \frac {Average Shareholders’ Equity} {Net Income​​}

A company’s net income formula is the sum of its revenue, costs, and taxes for a certain time. Average shareholders’ equity is computed by adding equity at the start of the term. The period’s beginning and finish should correspond to when we earn the net income. The income statement, which summarizes financial activities for the previous fiscal year, or trailing 12 months, shows net income. The balance sheet – a running balance of a company’s full history of changes in assets and liabilities – is where shareholders’ equity originates.

What is the difference between ROE and ROCE?

An examination of ROE is frequently pair with calculating the ROCE ratio. The return on equity (ROE) analyzes profits made on shareholders’ equity. In contrast, the return on capital employed (ROCE) is the fundamental indicator of how a firm uses all available capital to generate new profits. It may be studied more closely with ROE by replacing net income for EBIT in the ROCE calculation.

ROCE is particularly useful for analyzing the performance of firms in capital-intensive industries like utilities and telecommunications because, unlike other fundamentals, it takes debt and other obligations into account. This gives a more accurate picture of a company’s financial performance when it has a lot of debt.

Adjustments may be required to provide a better representation of ROCE. For example, a company may have cash on hand that isn’t being used occasionally. As a result, to acquire a more accurate value of ROCE, it may need to be removed from the Capital Employed Amount. The long-term ROCE is also an essential performance metric. Investors prefer firms with consistent and growing ROCE statistics versus companies with ROCE that fluctuate year to year.

Return on Equity (ROE) vs Return on Assets (ROA)

Return on equity (ROE) and return on assets (ROA) are two essential metrics for assessing how well a company’s management team manages the money entrusted to them. Financial leverage, or debt, is the major difference between ROE and ROA. Even though ROE and ROA are two separate indicators of management success, the DuPont Identity formula demonstrates how closely they are.

The key distinction between ROE and ROA is accounting for a company’s debt. In the absence of debt, the company’s total assets and shareholder equity will be equal. It is ROE, and ROA would logically be the same. However, if that firm takes on debt, its ROE will be larger than its ROA. This is because a company’s assets grow due to taking on debt because of its cash. Assuming constant returns, assets now outnumber equity, and the denominator of the return on assets computation is larger as a result. As a result, ROA will decrease, but ROE will remain the same.

Return on Equity Calculator – How to Use?

The Return on Equity calculation is dependent on two factors, which you’ve probably figured previously in the formula. Based on the formula above, we require:

  • Equity of your company
  • Net profit of company

The next step is to compute the relationship between them by dividing the first by the second and then multiplying the result by 100% – don’t miss this step because we represent ROE always as a percentage.

Return on Equity (ROE) is a percentage that represents a company’s yearly return (net income) divided by the value of its entire shareholders’ equity (e.g., 12 percent ). Alternatively, divide the company dividend growth rate by its profits retention rate (1 – dividend payout ratio) to get ROE. Simply defined, ROE allows investors to determine if they are getting a decent return on their investment, while a company can assess how well it is leveraging its equity.

When ROE is in isolation, it is meaningless until we compare it to the company’s historical ROE and the industry’s ROE average. Other financial ratios are here to provide a more full and accurate image of the organization for appraisal purposes. Check this Current Ratio Calculator to learn more about ratio.

Practical Example

Consider a corporation with a $1,800,000 yearly revenue and a $12,000,000 average shareholder’s equity. The return on equity value for this company would be, according to the formula, as follows:

ROE = (\$12,000,000 \div \$1,800,000​) = 15\%

Consider Apple Inc. (AAPL), which earned $59.5 billion in net profits for the fiscal year that ended on Sept. 29, 2018. The company’s shareholders’ equity was $107.1 billion at the conclusion of the fiscal year, down from $134 billion at the start. Put this in the formula, and as a result, Apple company return on equity is 49.4%. This was a successful business year.

Real-world Application

A return on 1 indicates that for every dollar of common stockholders’ equity. This is an essential metric for potential investors. It shows how well a firm will use its money to create net income. ROE is also a measure of how well management uses equity capital to support operations and expand the business.

On the other hand, investors want to see a high return on equity ratio since it implies that the firm is successfully utilizing its investors’ capital. Higher ratio is generally always preferable to lower ratio. We need to compare this ratio to the ratios of other firms in the same industry. ROE can’t evaluate firms outside of their sectors because every industry has distinct amounts of investors and income.

It’s understandable to ask why an ordinary or slightly above-average prefer ROE over one that is double, quadruple, or even more than its peer group’s average. Aren’t stocks with a high return on investment (ROI) a better investment? Because a company’s performance is so excellent, an exceptionally high ROE might be desirable if net income is extraordinarily substantial when we compare it to equity. On the other hand, an exceptionally high ROE is sometimes related to a tiny equity account compared to net income, indicating risk.


How to calculate return on equity?

Analysts divide the company’s net income by its average shareholders’ equity to determine ROE. ROE is simply a measure of the return made on the company’s net assets because shareholders’ equity equals assets minus liabilities.

What is the return on equity?

The measure of a company’s net income divided by its shareholders’ equity is called return on equity (ROE). The return on equity (ROE) is a measure of a company’s profitability and how effectively it makes money.

What is a good return on equity?

The return on investment (ROI) is particularly useful for evaluating the performance of organizations in the same industry. A return on equity (ROE) is a measure of management’s capacity to create revenue from the equity available to it, similar to a return on capital. ROEs of 15–20 percent are often regarded as satisfactory.

What is a negative return on equity?

The return on equity (ROE) is calculated by dividing net income by shareholders’ equity. Return on equity is negative when a corporation makes a loss and so has no net income. If the company’s net income is negative, free cash flow can be utilized to acquire a better understanding of its financial status.

What factors affect the return on equity?

Profit inconsistency, excessive debt, and negative net income are all issues that might influence the return on common stockholders’ equity.