What is FTE – Full-Time Equivalent ?

Full-time equivalent (FTE) or whole-time equivalent (WTE) is a unit that demonstrates the responsibility of the individual worker (also, alternate exam), making jobs as well as class workloads comparable in different settings. Of course, we use FTE to quantify expert contributions or alternating underestimation in a task or to track cost reductions in an association.

Besides FTE students are one of the vital criteria for assessing enrollment in schools and colleges. The action is often annulled annually to cover the usual annual FTE studies, also it can assign as well as the acronym AAFTE.

Students can expand their commitment by adopting different procedures as well as:

(a) increase in class size;
(b) show new classes;
(c) manage multiple ventures;
(d) supervise several experts.


The latter technique enjoys the benefit of adding another vital measure to colleges – creating new information and especially distributing papers in highly positioned scientific journals. It is also linked to other key metrics – funding research that is often needed to attract scientists.

How to calculate work hours?

There are different methods of calculating the hours worked by employees. The most common are the start and end times for recording hours worked. Some employers require their employees to record working hours on paper, while others use the punched hours system for recording working time. After the hours of work have been recorded, the employer will have to summarise to calculate the wage.

To calculate labour hours, follow these steps:

  1. Determine the start and finish times. If you’re utilizing a manual approach, such as a physical timesheet, you’ll need to record the times your team members logged in and out on each day of the pay period.
  2. Convert the time to military time (24 hours). To convert time to military time, add 12 to the afternoon hours while keeping the same morning hours. You also don’t need to utilize a.m. and p.m. because morning and nighttime times would differ.
  3. Convert the minutes to decimals. To convert minutes to decimals, divide the minutes by 60.
  4. Subtract the start and finish times. Subtract the time the person logged in from the time they clocked out to get the total hours.
  5. Deduct the unpaid time spent on breaks. When an employee takes an unpaid break, such as going to a doctor’s visit, you may need to deduct time.

How to calculate your FTE (Full-Time Equivalent)?

Full-time equivalent (FTE) is a unit that is equivalent to the volume of an employee who is permanently employed. Additionally, it is the ratio of the number of hours worked and the number of hours worked in a given period. We use it to quantify employees regardless of the difference in total working hours. Also, seasonal and temporary workers are currently excluded from the total FTE calculation.

We can calculate it in four ways, also you can use our FTE Calulator for better results,:

1. Determine the number of hours that part-time employees work. This applies to companies that also have part-time employees.

2. Calculate the number of working hours of full-time employees per period. A regular employee is someone who works a maximum of 40 hours (minimum 30 hours) each week for more than 120 days each year.

3. Add up the hours of full- and part-time employees. That is the total number of working hours of all employees.

4. Divide the total hours worked by the number of full-time hours. This determines the FTE of the company for a certain period.

How do I calculate revenue per employee?

Revenue per employee is an efficiency ratio used to calculate the revenue generated per employee in a firm. The revenue per employee ratio is significant for assessing a company’s average employee’s efficiency and production.

Revenue per employee is computed by dividing a company’s total revenue by the total number of employees.

Revenue per employee formula

The revenue per employee formula is as follows:

Revenue Per employee = Revenue / Current Number of Employees

Analysts often use a variant of the above calculation in which net income is used in place of revenue in the numerator.

For example, Mario is a stock analyst researching Facebook Inc. Mario’s management assigns him the task of analyzing the productivity of an average Facebook employee and calculating the revenue per employee for Facebook as of December 31, 2018.

Mario reads through Facebook’s annual report and discovers that the firm has 35,587 employees and a revenue of $ 55,838 million.

Revenue Per Employee = $ 55,833 million / 35,587

Mario informs his management that Facebook’s revenue per employee is $ 1.5691 million.

Calculating employee cost

Employers pay more than simply their employees’ salaries. Investigate the key elements that assist in calculating the true yearly cost of your staff. While many businesses and institutions (like the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor) prefer to deal with hours rather than wages, we have chosen the latter to offer you a better understanding of your employees’ true yearly expenditures.

Calculating your labour rates is a complex exercise that necessitates a careful examination of various variables such as your industry, the type and characteristics of the role you intend to cover, the location of your company, and the type of benefits and legal expenses you are willing and required to pay for that employee. While this may seem daunting at first, several fundamental elements will always influence your labour rates.

Examples of how to calculate FTE for individual employees

You must account for the following factors when calculating full-time equivalent in your firm for each employee:

  • the hours of a full-time weekly schedule
  • the actual hours your employees are scheduled to work

Example 1: Assume Hana works 20 hours each week for the same firm. To determine her FTE, just divide the actual hours Hana is scheduled to work by your company’s full-time weekly schedule:

0.5 FTE = 20 / 40

Example 2: The same is true for Raheem, who works 25 hours per week at a firm where 38 hours per week is considered full-time:

0.6 FTE = 25 / 38

What is and how to calculate an FTE salary?

An FTE salary is an employee pay that has been transformed into a full-time equivalent compensation over a year, regardless of whether the employee works full-time or part-time. For this computation, the real workload is not taken into account.

Assume that Lidia worked for a company for 6 months (0.5 of a full year) at an FTE of 70% (0.7) and earned $ 12,000 during that period. This employee’s FTE compensation is calculated as follows:

$12,000 divided by (0.5 x 0.7) is $ 34,285 per year

How convert FTE to hours?

To convert the number of hours your employee is anticipated to work based on his or her FTE, reverse the procedure of calculating FTE based on the number of hours worked.

Assume you have an employee named Arthur who works 0.7 FTE at a firm that considers 40 hours per week a full-time schedule. How many hours does Arthur work in a year? If Arthur has a 0.7 FTE on an annual basis, multiply his FTE by the average amount of hours worked in your firm for a full-time work schedule in a year (40 hours per week x 52 weeks per year = 2,080):

0.7 times 2,080 is 1,456 hours per year

FTE and population

FTE and population are two techniques for counting a specific number of individuals from a population or association. The two measures additionally consider the estimation of expanded time. What’s more, the number of workers and FTE is present in training and business.

The two measures are utilized in the human resources branch of schools and business enterprises. But also, schools use them to calculate the number of understudies and understudy focuses in a given period or academic year.

Population” signifies “real population“, regardless of whether the population comprises workers or students. Typically, a population has just a single individual as one part of a given population. All credits or contrasts include everything of an individual like their abilities, focuses, or hours. Moreover, the nature or status of the individual is not perceived. People with low maintenance and ordinary working hours are introduced and tallied.

A desirable measure when counting the population according to the basic demographic profile and analysis is the implementation of the population.

It also refers to the process in educational institutions to establish each student’s academic and career potential from admission to graduation. This procedure assumes that all students have equal abilities and potential. In some educational institutions, also we call the “individual enrollment” as the number of inhabitants.

On the other hand, the full-time equivalent is measured for people who have regular working hours (for employees) or full-time loans (for students). A person with a full-time equivalent must provide a certain amount of hours or credit for full-time status. In this situation, FTE represents actual working time as the equivalent of full-time worker status.

Why is FTE so important?

For a job, specifically for those with an enormous number of low-maintenance workers, a change in working hours at FTE is important to help the organization know that the number of permanently employed representatives of low-maintenance workers is equivalent.

Ultimately, an organization needs to decide on FTE on the basis that it allows it to gain a superior understanding of the sustainability and ease of its low-maintenance workers, in light of the measure of work making money and do not really have the advantages that should offer to full representatives. All of the above factors cost an organization and affect its primary care.

ACA compliant

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) necessitates that each business with at least 50 FTEs should give ACA-consistent advantages. To confirm if your organization, you need to give those advantages, you need to ascertain your FTE check.

The ACA considers 30 hours out of every week or more as full-time. You should follow this definition, regardless of whether your organization strategy characterizes regular work in an unexpected way. Like this, under ACA, any representative who works at least 30 hours rises to 1 FTE. Utilizing the guidelines above, if your estimation is 50 FTE or more, you must give fitting clinical service to your workers.

Examples of FTE

Employment at ABC Ltd. prior to 29 February 2020 was 14 staff made up of 7 Full-time staff working 37.5 hours or more per week; 1 full-time permanent staff on Long Term Leave (who normally work 37.5 hours or more) and 6 part-time staff working 25 hours per week as shown in the table below.

1. No. of Full Time Employees (working a minimum of 37.5 hours per week)7
2. No of Full-Time Employees on Maternity Leave/Long Term Leave1
3. No of Part-Time/Temporary Employees (working less than 37.5 hours per week)6
4. Part-Time/Temporary Employees converted to Full-Time Equivalents*4
(table 1 – showing the employee details and their employment)

NOTE: 37.5 hours is the minimum number of hours for usage when calculating Full-Time Equivalents.

The 7 full-time staff at the date of application equate to 7 FTEs.

*To convert the Part-time/Temporary employees into FTEs, it is necessary to add the combined hours of all part-time staff at the date of application and divide the total by 37.5 hours.

6 part-time staff X 25 hours each = 150 hours ÷ 37.5 hours = 4 FTEs (additionally round to the nearest whole number).

What is FTE student calculation?

A simple headcount of students enrolled in classes is the most frequent metric of enrolment. Enrollment can also quantify enrollment in terms of full-time equivalent (FTE) students, which is a computation that shows how many students would attend if they were all enrolled full-time. The FTE computation is based on the total number of credits carried by all students enrolled in classes at a specific level, also divided by the number of credits in a full-time load. Undergraduate students occasionally take graduate-level courses and vice versa.

How to calculate FTE for part-time employees?

Each employee who worked more than 40 hours per week on average over a given calculation period is considered a full-time employee and is assigned 1.0 FTE. Each employee who worked fewer than 40 hours per week on average during a given computation period counts as 0.5 FTE and is considered a part-time employee.

Also, to determine the full-time equivalent of part-time employees, sum all part-time employees’ hours worked in a given month and divide the total by 120. Also, this tells you how many full-time equivalents are in your part-time employment.



What is FTE?

A full-time equivalent, abbreviated as FTE, is a unit of measurement used to compare employed people or students who work or study a different number of hours per week.

What is 75% FTE?

The individual has a budgeted regular (not temporary) assignment of 75% of a full-time employment (either 28 hours per week for non-exempt positions, which normally work 37.5 hours per week; or 30 hours for exempt positions normally working 40 hours per week).

How to calculate FTE?

To calculate the FTE, an employer with a 35-hour workweek would simply divide the employee’s planned hours by 35. FTE estimates are based on hours worked rather than staff count.